What is the Code of Federal Regulations?

The United States Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) codification of the general and permanent rules and regulations published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government. It is divided into 50 titles which represent broad areas of Federal regulation. Each title is divided into chapters which usually bear the name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into parts covering specific regulatory areas.

The following are the 50 Titles of the CFR:

  • Title 1 - General Provisions
  • Title 2 - Grants and Agreements
  • Title 3 - The President
  • Title 4 - Accounts
  • Title 5 - Administrative Personnel
  • Title 6 - Domestic Security
  • Title 7 - Agriculture
  • Title 8 - Aliens and Nationality
  • Title 9 - Animals and Animal Products
  • Title 10 - Energy
  • Title 11 - Federal Elections
  • Title 12 - Banks and Banking
  • Title 13 - Business Credit and Assistance
  • Title 14 - Aeronautics and Space
  • Title 15 - Commerce and Foreign Trade
  • Title 16 - Commercial Practices
  • Title 17 - Commodity and Securities Exchanges
  • Title 18 - Conservation of Power and Water Resources
  • Title 19 - Customs Duties
  • Title 20 - Employees' Benefits
  • Title 21 - Food and Drugs
  • Title 22 - Foreign Relations
  • Title 23 - Highways
  • Title 24 - Housing and Urban Development
  • Title 25 - Indians
  • Title 26 - Internal Revenue
  • Title 27 - Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms
  • Title 28 - Judicial Administration
  • Title 29 - Labor
  • Title 30 - Mineral Resources
  • Title 31 - Money and Finance: Treasury
  • Title 32 - National Defense
  • Title 33 - Navigation and Navigable Waters
  • Title 34 - Education
  • Title 35 - Panama Canal
  • Title 36 - Parks, Forests, and Public Property
  • Title 37 - Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights
  • Title 38 - Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief
  • Title 39 - Postal Service
  • Title 40 - Protection of Environment
  • Title 41 - Public Contracts and Property Management
  • Title 42 - Public Health
  • Title 43 - Public Lands: Interior
  • Title 44 - Emergency Management and Assistance
  • Title 45 - Public Welfare
  • Title 46 - Shipping
  • Title 47 - Telecommunication
  • Title 48 - Federal Acquisition Regulations System
  • Title 49 - Transportation
  • Title 50 - Wildlife and Fisheries

What CFR titles are important for International Trade

Of particular interest to those in the International Trade Industry are Titles 15, 19, and 22. Title 15 on Commerce and Foreign Trade contains the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) within section 730-774. Title 19 includes Custom Duties regulations. Title 22 on Foreign Relations contains the International Trafficking in Arms Regulations (ITAR) with sections 120-130.

Using the CFR

The CFR is kept up to date by the individual issues of the Federal Register which is published almost daily. To determine the latest version of a rule, both publications must be consulted. The “List of CFR Sections Affected (LSA),” which is issued monthly and the “Cumulative List of Parts Affected,” which appears at the end of the daily Federal Register, can be used to determine whether a Code volume has been amended.

To cite regulations in the CFR, use title, part and section number. Thus, 19 CFR 10.76 refers to title 19 (Customs Duties), part 10 (Articles conditionally free, subject to a reduced rate, etc.), section 76 (Game animals and birds).

The CFR and its individual titles can be accessed electronically at ecfr.gpoaccess.gov for free or you can order printed copies from the US Government Bookstore. As always, CUSTOMS Info offers an online subscription that contains searchable 19 CFR, Daily issues of the Federal Register, and over 605,000 binding rulings. Try your 14 free trial today.

Comments

Finally! In words and flow I can understand. Key point, there is not "one" absolute source of answers. CFR has more "however" and ammendments that actual regs.

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